Shardana: the Sea Peoples

AKENATON, RAMSES, MOSES and the MISTERIOUS TRIBE OF DAN, or SHER-DAN (SHARDANA, TUATHA DE DANA...), the Sea Peoples!

The coalition of peoples who to rule the Mediterranean through the II millennium b.C.

To annihilate Crete, Troy, the Greece and the Hitite Empire. Attack on Egypt.

 

The Bronze Warrior (Shardana) to date 1.500 B.C. -@@

The article by http://www.second-congress-matriarchal-studies.com/birnbaum.html

Societes of Peace: 2nd World Congress on Matriarchal Studies

Lucia Chiavola Birnbaum

Dark Mother, Dark Others, and a new World Case of Sardinia

Semitic Shardana, "peoples of the sea"

The people who created the thousands of nuraghi, cone shaped structures that have become the  symbol of  Sardinia, have been the subject of a good deal of speculation. A  book recommended to me by sardinian scholars,

Leonardo Melis,  Shardana I Popoli del Mare, has been helpful  because of its extensive documentation. The people  known as "peoples of the sea", according to Melis,  are the shardana,, who gave Sardinia its name.  The shardana  were semites, whom Melis  identifies as  the lost tribe of Dan a semitic tribe who venerated a dark mother.    Fleeing a three hundred year famine in Ur (Mesopotamia)  the shardana expanded after  2300-2000 BCE into the anatolian peninsula, then into central and northern Europe, leaving clues to their presence in names; e.g., along the Danube (Dan) and the Dnieper (Dn) rivers, into the Baltic and Scandinavia, and  into Ireland ("Danny Boy").  Another group of these semitic shardana  went south to Syria and the Dead Sea, then into Greece, Crete, Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia (where they settled). and thence, in a reprise of early african migrations ,  to the northern coast of Africa. -------------------------             

According to Melis, the shardana  arrived in Sardinia 2300 – 2000 BCE,  about the same time they arrived in Tuscany and Latium on the mainland of Italy, as well as on the Balearic islands off Spain, and on Crete  and  Cyprus. For this essay, it is sufficient to note that these semites,  like everyone else,  were african  in origin, and revered a woman divinity. The  woman divinity of the shardana is  glimpsed in bronze age cruciform figurines of a female  and in many statuettes offering her nurturing breasts- -  figurines very similar to those on  other  african migration paths in Europe. 

The "peoples of the sea"/shardana  have been described as violent; but  this is unclear because the 7000 bee-hive  shaped megalithic structures (nuraghi) associated with shardana settlements  have no evidence of weapons.  The shardana are enigmatic;  their warrior shields resemble women's breasts, with nipples.   Icons of shardana warriors feature  four eyes;  Dianne Jenett pointed out to me that  four eyes are characteristic of the  earlier  eye goddess of Tell Brak of  Iraq (ca. 3000 BCE)(3) The point at hand for  mediterranean, sardinian, sicilian,  italian ,  and world history,  is that the shardana, in Sardinia, an island which archeologists regard as a  museum of the prehistory of Europe, venerated a dark mother, whom Melis calls Mater Mediterranea.  The connection with african beliefs is suggested in that  menhirs and dolmens were central icons of nuragic communities.  

Figurines of women in nuragic communities  hold the solar disk, symbol of african veneration of the sun;  hold their breasts in an african  nurturant gesture, and  there is evidence that they engaged in  african water rituals. .  

Nuraghi of Sardinia resemble  sanctuaries in Zimbabwe in Africa.    In Sardinia, the belief in the dark mother and her values appears to be continuous from prehistory to the present.  Ancient caves where early african migrants lived were later called domus de Janus by the romans; today these caves are popularly considered  dwellings  of women  with supernatural powers.  In Sardinia the early christian church at Saccargia was originally megalith in form .   Inside the church  at Saccargia  (rebuilt in the middle ages),we saw  two black madonnas.  

San Marcos and Austin, Texas (USA) - September 29/30 -    Otctober 2005

 

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